Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti originated in Africa but is now a cosmopolitan species, being found in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions[1].  It is a competent vector for several, related arboviruses including yellow fever virus, Chikungunya virus, Dengue virus, Zika virus and Japanese Encephalitis virus[2].  The species' ability to resist desiccation as eggs and develop in small amounts of water make it an efficient vector.  Originally, the species (Aedes aegypti formosus) bred inside tree holes and so this biological trait has allowed it to inhabit man-made containers[3].


  1. Kraemer MU, Sinka ME, Duda KA, Mylne AQ, Shearer FM, Barker CM, Moore CG, Carvalho RG, Coelho GE, Van Bortel W, Hendrickx G. The global distribution of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus. elife. 2015 Jun 30;4:e08347.

  2. Black IV WC, Bennett KE, Gorrochótegui-Escalante N, Barillas-Mury CV, Fernández-Salas I, de Lourdes Muñoz M, Farfán-Alé JA, Olson KE, Beaty BJ. Flavivirus susceptibility in Aedes aegypti. Archives of medical research. 2002 Jul 1;33(4):379-88.

  3. ECDC. Aedes aegypti – factsheet for experts. Accessed 8August 2019.