Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti originated in Africa but is now a cosmopolitan species, being found in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions. It is a competent vector for several, related arboviruses including yellow fever virus, Chikungunya virus, Dengue virus, Zika virus and Japanese Encephalitis virus. The species' ability to resist desiccation as eggs and develop in small amounts of water make it an efficient vector. Originally, the species (Aedes aegypti formosus) bred inside tree holes and so this biological trait has allowed it to inhabit man-made containers.
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- ECDC. Aedes aegypti – factsheet for experts. Accessed 8August 2019.